Running the Vector Adder Example Application

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Section 10.5 of the Convey PDK Reference Manual (.pdf) explains how to run the sample software application. It has been reproduced below in brief.

Compiling the Project

The rev version installed on the Convey machine is from 2012-03-19; to copy the sample app's source code run:

cd ~
mkdir pdk_sample
cp -r /opt/convey/pdk/latest/hc-1/examples/* pdk_sample

To make the sample project, first make sure you have setup your environment variables, then run:

cd ~/pdk_sample/cae_pers_vadd/SampleAppVadd/

This compiles both an emulator (CaeSimPers) and a C program that makes a coprocessor call to use the vector adder (UserApp.exe).

Run the Project

There are three ways to run your project:

  1. A software simulation of the FPGA design
  2. A hardware simulation (ModelSim) of the FPGA design
  3. The actual implementation (C code, Verilog code). The bitfile was previously compiled, nicknamed, and added to a known file location (/opt/convey/personalties/...).

There are some scripts that can be used to run the various projects.

The runcp (i.e. run coprocessor) script located in the SampleAppVadd can be used to run the application in HW which sets the appropriate environment variables and runs the UserApp.exe:


The run script located in the SampleAppVadd can be used to run the application using the software simulation of the FPGA design.


Using the "-vsim" option, either script can be used to run the application using the hardware simulation (ModelSim). The "-vsim" option sets the environment variable CNY_CAE_EMULATOR to ./run_simulation:

  ./runcp -vsim
  ./run -vsim

To summarize the important environment variables:

Environment Variables Software ModelSim Hardware
CNY_CAE_EMULATOR <location for CaeSimPers> ./run_simulation unset

Interactive Mode for ModelSim Simulation


You can save the waveforms every time you run the hardware simulator to make debugging easier.

Add the $wlfdumpvars line to the sim/tb_user.v file:

// To trace everything (slow)
$wlfdumpvars(0, testbench);
// To trace cae_pers module and 5 levels below
`ifdef AE0_PRESENT

Then include that file in the sim/Makefile by adding this line this line: CNY_PDK_TB_USER_VLOG += ./tb_user.v

This will create a vsim.wlf file in the sim directory. You can view the waveform using any of the following terminal commands:

vsim ../sim/vsim.wlf
vsim -view ../sim/vsim.wlf

Alternatively, you may instead run the simulation in interactive mode by adding the following line to the makefile in the sim directory:


Then run the app (./run -vsim) to start the simulation. When the Modelsim GUI opens and the design is loaded, type “run -all” at the Modelsim command line.